Surrogacy is an arrangement where a woman agrees to become pregnant and give birth to a child for another person who will become the parent of the child. This is legal in many countries including India and is necessary for women who are born without a uterus, who have a completely damaged uterus due to disease or cancer or are unable to bear a child despite many IVF cycles or have had recurrent miscarriages. Women who are medically unfit to carry a pregnancy may also need surrogacy if they want to become a mother.
In gestational surrogacy, an egg is removed from the intended mother or an anonymous donor and fertilized with the sperm of the intended father or anonymous donor. The fertilized egg, or embryo, is then transferred to a surrogate who carries the baby to term. The child is thereby genetically related to the woman who donated the egg and the intended father or sperm donor, but not the surrogate. The commissioning parents are the biological parents of the child and hence the child is handed over to them immediately following delivery.
The legal documentation, consents, explanations, counselling etc. is all done well before the actual process of transfer of embryo into the womb of the surrogate mother is done.
Most surrogacy agencies and fertility clinics require surrogates to meet the following general qualifications:
Indians only can seek surrogacy in India -foreigners are not allowed to do so.